In the second phase, households are activated to move away from natural gas use and adopt a renewable energy source.

In this phase, we will use action research and design for behaviour change methods. We will study how to activate the seed households to adopt alternative sustainable energy sources, using behaviour change models and participatory design. We aim to develop tools for behaviour change that can subsequently influence others, or make use of social networks.

During this stage, possible activation or transition packages are sampled in participatory action research with the stakeholders and tested in the local context.


  1. Determine motivation, ability & opportunity factors of seed households.
  2. Action research with seeds on increasing acceptability of gas alternatives.
  3. Incorporate continuous time in complexity model.
  4. Develop methods for identifying optimal seeds with missing threshold data.